Isolation and characterization of bacteria and yeasts from contaminated soil

University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade-Zemun, Serbia (1,2,3,4,7)
Educons University, Faculty of Environmental Protection, Sremska Kamenica, Serbia (5)
University of Pristina, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia (6)

Corresponding author:

Plant growth promoting (PGP) bacteria and yeasts play an important role in bioremediation processes. Thirty bacterial and ten yeast isolates were obtained from PAH and PCB contaminatedsoil with an aim of determining the presence of PGP mechanisms (production of ammonia, indoleacetic acid, siderophores and solubilization of inorganic phosphate). As a result, three bacterial (Serratia liquefaciens, Micrococcus sp. and Serratia sp.) and two yeast isolates (Candida utilis and Candida tropicalis) were recognized as PGP strains. Among them, Serratia sp. showed the highest indole production (25.5 µg/ml). Analyses of metal tolerance (Cu+2, Cr+6 and Ni+2) revealed that Serratia liquefaciens, Micrococcus sp., Serratia sp. and Candida tropicalis were capable to tolerate significant concentration of metals. As a result of this study several bacterial and yeast strains were attributed as potential plant growth promoters which can be applied in future remediation activities and environmental quality improvements.

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