Effect of social capital on productivity of cassava farmers in Ogun State, Nigeria

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria (1,2,3,4)

Corresponding author: blarrybunmi@gmail.com

Nigeria is an agriculturally labor-intensive economy and the protection and utilization of the labor resource to guarantee the highest productivity are of immense vitality to the growth of the agricultural sector. This study assessed the relationship between the social capital and the productivity of cassava farmers in Ijebu North-East Local Government Area of Ogun State. A purposive sampling procedure was employed in the study. Data were collected from one hundred and thirty-nine cassava farmers by the use of a well-structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, total factor productivity and ordinary least squares model. The mean age and household size of cassava farmers were 44.2±9.9 years and 6.0±3.1 respectively. The density of memberships in associations was 2.7±1.3. The average meeting attendance index by farmer was three out of four meetings (77.2%). The association membership was moderately diversified with a heterogeneity index of 59.2% and farmers participated in one out of four decision making processes of their associations. A monthly cash contribution of farmers to associations was low (N132.04±N107.67) and the trust index was 0.296. Farmers cultivated an average of 1.25 ha with total factor productivity of 0.096kg/N. Results show that age of the farmer, age squared (life cycle), household size, farm size, cash contribution and decision making significantly determined the productivity of cassava farmers in the study area. Social capital variables significantly influenced cassava farmers’ productivity. It is therefore suggested that policy makers interested in farmers’ production output should make active participation in local level institutions compulsory.

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