Odebode A.C.

Anti-fungal activities of constituents from Uvaria scheffleri and Artabotrys brachypetalus

Department of Botany, University of Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania (1)
Department of Chemistry, University of Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania (2,3,4)


The anti-fungal activity of schefflone, a mixture of dimmer, 3,5 dimethoxy carvacrol and annonaceous acetogenin, extracted from stem-bark and root of Uvaria scheffleri and Artabotrys bruchypetalus against Fusarium solani, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Asperillus niger and Aspergillus flavus was determined. An in-vitro bioassay showed that the minimum inhibitory effect of the compounds to the fungal pathogens occurred at 200 ppm in both radial growth and mycelia dry weight measurements.

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Antimicrobial activities of constituents from Isolona cauliflora Verdc and Cleistochlamys krikii Benth (Oliv.) (Annonaceae)

Department of Botany, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (1)
Department of Chemisty, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (2,3,4)


Antimicrobial activities of crude extract, Caulindole D, a mixture of Caulindole E and F, Pinocembrin and an Oxyheptanoid (Clestochlamic acid) from stem bark of Isolona cauliflora and Cleistochlamys krikii on Pseudomonas phaseolicola, Fusarium solani, Botryodiploida theobromae, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus have been investigated. An in vitro bioassay test showed that the crude dichloro-methane extract from C. krikii and a very strong antimicrobial property.

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Biochemical contents of pepper seedlings inoculated with Phytophthora infestans and Arbuscular mycorrhiza

Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria (1,2)


The effect of interactions between Arbuscular Glomus etunicatum and fungus Phytophthora infestans on biochemical contents of pepper plants was investigated in a greenhouse experiment. The sugar contents (i.e. Glucose fructose and sucrose) were higher in the control and mycorrhizal inoculated pepper seedlings and the lowest in pathogen inoculated seedlings. Free amino acids were the highest in the simultaneously inoculated pepper seedlings while total phenol was found to be the highest in pepper seedlings inoculated with P. infestans.

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